The US Secretary of Agriculture chose Oregon this week to roll out details of a new conservation program funded by the latest Farm Bill, praising the state for how it values farmers, ranchers, and other landowners as well as natural resources. In a one-day visit to Portland and Salem, Secretary Tom Vilsack touched on several other issues important to Oregon including sage grouse, wildfires, and food innovation.
“It’s great to be back in a state that truly values conservation and understands the power it has to change landscapes and change lives,” said Vilsack. “We are excited to continue the strong partnership we’ve had with state and local officials in Oregon.”
While in Portland, Vilsack announced the launch of the Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP), authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill and expected to provide $1.2 billion in funding over the next five years. RCPP streamlines conservation efforts by combining four existing programs into one. Oregon will have an excellent opportunity to receive conservation funding through a competitive process with project proposals from other states– especially since the Columbia River Basin has been designated as one of eight critical conservation areas in line to receive 35 percent of RCPP funding.
What’s different about this program is the expansion of partnerships to help agricultural producers and landowners improve conservation efforts.
“We can leverage some of our conservation resources more effectively,” said Vilsack. “This program essentially says that USDA now wants to partner not just with the landowner and producer, but partner with non-profit organizations, state and local governments, conservation groups, and farm associations– all with the goal of improving soil health, increasing water quantity, protecting water quality, and expanding fish and wildlife habitat.”
Combined with investments from participating partners, USDA expects its $1.2 billion in funding over the next five years to leverage another $2.4 billion for conservation. RCPP will competitively award funds for conservation projects that are designed by local partners and specific to the region. How much will end up in Oregon is anyone’s guess, but Vilsack expects a lot of great ideas and applications to come forth, making the final decision on who receives additional conservation funding a challenge.
Awards made for 2014-15, an anticipated $400 million, are expected to be announced in October.
Since being named agriculture secretary in 2009, Vilsack says USDA has entered into more than 3,600 contracts with Oregon producers and landowners for conservation purposes with a total investment of about $195 million into the Oregon economy. That doesn’t count state efforts, including an average of up to $40 million a year for grants issued by the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board (OWEB).
“RCPP gives us a better opportunity to leverage our state investments in ways that will benefit local communities and their economies,” said OWEB Director Tom Byerly. “These funds will hire technical experts who design and implement projects, hire local field crews to do the work on the ground, and provide funding to purchase the goods and services that help these projects work. RCPP takes partnerships to the next level.”
Oregon Department of Agriculture Director Katy Coba is also excited about the RCPP program.
“This program really plays to Oregon’s strengths and our focus on conservation efforts,” said Coba. “Those efforts center on water quality, water quantity, forest health, and wildlife habitat.”
Secretary Vilsack also announced an additional $434,000 from USDA to provide technical assistance for conservation efforts undertaken by producers and landowners dealing with the potential federal listing of the sage grouse, a major concern east of the Cascades. Vilsack has encouraged the US Department of Interior to provide regulatory certainty for landowners who make investments to protect habitat that they will not face additional requirements if and when the sage grouse is listed as an endangered species.
“Landowners who do a certain level of conservation need to be assured the rules won’t change,” said Vilsack. “We think that a good relationship to foster.”
Vilsack also sympathized with Oregon and other states facing forest and range fires this summer. He supports proposed legislation that creates a new system for fighting fires and paying for that effort.
“It would treat large and intense fires the same way we treat hurricanes and tornadoes by creating an emergency fund to help suppression costs,” he said. “Agencies need predictable and consistent funding.”
While in Portland, Secretary Vilsack toured the Food Innovation Center (FIC)– a joint ODA-Oregon State University facility that provides assistance with food product development, among other features.
“It’s taking Oregon products, processing them, encouraging more unique and branded opportunities for small businesses to get started, and then expanding the ability to sell those products locally, nationally, and internationally,” said Vilsack.
The secretary participated in a routine activity at the FIC– product taste testing– with mixed reviews.
“I had my first real taste of seaweed and it’s an acquired taste for a Midwestern guy,” he said. “I much prefer the Oregon blueberries I tried later. But it’s interesting to see what is evolving, the notion that seaweed can combine with other salad fixings to create a very nutritious meal and opportunity.”
Vilsack also praised Oregon’s leadership in establishing an effective FoodCorps Program, the first ever national deployment of service members specifically working on farm to school and school garden activities.
“It’s really about reconnecting people– in particular, young people– with the food choices they make and learning about how food is grown,” said Vilsack. “Hopefully they’ll have a greater appreciation for those who grow food. If that happens, they’ll have a greater appreciation for those who live, work, and raise their families in rural areas, which hopefully results in continued investment in those areas.”
For more information, contact Bruce Pokarney at (503) 986-4559.
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